Random number generation

Many games rely on randomness to implement core game mechanics. This page guides you through common types of randomness and how to implement them in Godot.

After giving you a brief overview of useful functions that generate random numbers, you will learn how to get random elements from arrays, dictionaries, and how to use a noise generator in GDScript.


Computers cannot generate "true" random numbers. Instead, they rely on pseudorandom number generators (PRNGs).

Global scope versus RandomNumberGenerator class

Godot exposes two ways to generate random numbers: via global scope methods or using the RandomNumberGenerator class.

Global scope methods are easier to set up, but they don't offer as much control.

RandomNumberGenerator requires more code to use, but allows creating multiple instances, each with their own seed and state.

This tutorial uses global scope methods, except when the method only exists in the RandomNumberGenerator class.

The randomize() method

In global scope, you can find a randomize() method. This method should be called only once when your project starts to initialize the random seed. Calling it multiple times is unnecessary and may impact performance negatively.

Putting it in your main scene script's _ready() method is a good choice:

func _ready():

You can also set a fixed random seed instead using seed(). Doing so will give you deterministic results across runs:

func _ready():
    # To use a string as a seed, you can hash it to a number.
    seed("Hello world".hash())

When using the RandomNumberGenerator class, you should call randomize() on the instance since it has its own seed:

var random = RandomNumberGenerator.new()

Getting a random number

Let's look at some of the most commonly used functions and methods to generate random numbers in Godot.

The function randi() returns a random number between 0 and 2^32-1. Since the maximum value is huge, you most likely want to use the modulo operator (%) to bound the result between 0 and the denominator:

# Prints a random integer between 0 and 49.
print(randi() % 50)

# Prints a random integer between 10 and 60.
print(randi() % 51 + 10)

randf() returns a random floating-point number between 0 and 1. This is useful to implement a Weighted random probability system, among other things.

randfn() returns a random floating-point number following a normal distribution. This means the returned value is more likely to be around the mean (0.0 by default), varying by the deviation (1.0 by default):

# Prints a random floating-point number from a normal distribution with a mean 0.0 and deviation 1.0.
var random = RandomNumberGenerator.new()

randf_range() takes two arguments from and to, and returns a random floating-point number between from and to:

# Prints a random floating-point number between -4 and 6.5.