Exporting for the Web

See also

This page describes how to export a Godot project to HTML5. If you're looking to compile editor or export template binaries from source instead, read Compiling for the Web.

HTML5 export allows publishing games made in Godot Engine to the browser. This requires support for WebAssembly, WebGL and SharedArrayBuffer in the user's browser.

Attention

Projects written in C# using Godot 4 currently cannot be exported to the web. To use C# on web platforms, use Godot 3 instead.

Important

Use the browser-integrated developer console, usually opened with F12, to view debug information like JavaScript, engine, and WebGL errors.

Attention

Godot 4's HTML5 exports currently cannot run on macOS and iOS due to upstream bugs with SharedArrayBuffer and WebGL 2.0. We recommend using macOS and iOS native export functionality instead, as it will also result in better performance.

Godot 3's HTML5 exports are more compatible with various browsers in general, especially when using the GLES2 rendering backend (which only requires WebGL 1.0).

Warning

SharedArrayBuffer requires a secure context. Browsers also require that the web page is served with specific cross-origin isolation headers.

Note

If you use Linux, due to poor Firefox WebGL performance, it's recommended to play the exported project using a Chromium-based browser instead of Firefox.

WebGL version

Godot 4.0 and later can only target WebGL 2.0 (using the Compatibility rendering method). There is no stable way to run Vulkan applications on the web yet.

See Can I use WebGL 2.0 for a list of browser versions supporting WebGL 2.0. Note that Safari has several issues with WebGL 2.0 support that other browsers don't have, so we recommend using a Chromium-based browser or Firefox if possible.

Export options

If a runnable web export template is available, a button appears between the Stop scene and Play edited Scene buttons in the editor to quickly open the game in the default browser for testing.

If you plan to use VRAM compression make sure that Vram Texture Compression is enabled for the targeted platforms (enabling both For Desktop and For Mobile will result in a bigger, but more compatible export).

If a path to a Custom HTML shell file is given, it will be used instead of the default HTML page. See Custom HTML page for Web export.

Head Include is appended into the <head> element of the generated HTML page. This allows to, for example, load webfonts and third-party JavaScript APIs, include CSS, or run JavaScript code.

Important

Each project must generate their own HTML file. On export, several text placeholders are replaced in the generated HTML file specifically for the given export options. Any direct modifications to that HTML file will be lost in future exports. To customize the generated file, use the Custom HTML shell option.

Limitations

For security and privacy reasons, many features that work effortlessly on native platforms are more complicated on the web platform. Following is a list of limitations you should be aware of when porting a Godot game to the web.

Important

Browser vendors are making more and more functionalities only available in secure contexts, this means that such features are only be available if the web page is served via a secure HTTPS connection (localhost is usually exempt from such requirement).

Tip

Check the list of open HTML5 issues on GitHub to see if the functionality you're interested in has an issue yet. If not, open one to communicate your interest.

Using cookies for data persistence

Users must allow cookies (specifically IndexedDB) if persistence of the user:// file system is desired. When playing a game presented in an iframe, third-party cookies must also be enabled. Incognito/private browsing mode also prevents persistence.

The method OS.is_userfs_persistent() can be used to check if the user:// file system is persistent, but can give false positives in some cases.

Background processing

The project will be paused by the browser when the tab is no longer the active tab in the user's browser. This means functions such as _process() and _physics_process() will no longer run until the tab is made active again by the user (by switching back to the tab). This can cause networked games to disconnect if the user switches tabs for a long duration.

This limitation does not apply to unfocused browser windows. Therefore, on the user's side, this can be worked around by running the project in a separate window instead of a separate tab.

Full screen and mouse capture

Browsers do not allow arbitrarily entering full screen. The same goes for capturing the cursor. Instead, these actions have to occur as a response to a JavaScript input event. In Godot, this means entering full screen from within a pressed input event callback such as _input or _unhandled_input. Querying the Input singleton is not sufficient, the relevant input event must currently be active.

For the same reason, the full screen project setting doesn't work unless the engine is started from within a valid input event handler. This requires customization of the HTML page.

Audio

Chrome restricts how websites may play audio. It may be necessary for the player to click or tap or press a key to enable audio.

See also

Google offers additional information about their Web Audio autoplay policies.

Warning

Access to microphone requires a secure context.

Networking

Low level networking is not implemented due to lacking support in browsers.

Currently, only HTTP client, HTTP requests, WebSocket (client) and WebRTC are supported.

The HTTP classes also have several restrictions on the HTML5 platform:

  • Accessing or changing the StreamPeer is not possible

  • Threaded/Blocking mode is not available

  • Cannot progress more than once per frame, so polling in a loop will freeze

  • No chunked responses

  • Host verification cannot be disabled

  • Subject to same-origin policy

Clipboard

Clipboard synchronization between engine and the operating system requires a browser supporting the Clipboard API, additionally, due to the API asynchronous nature might not be reliable when accessed from GDScript.

Warning

Requires a secure context.

Gamepads

Gamepads will not be detected until one of their button is pressed. Gamepads might have the wrong mapping depending on the browser/OS/gamepad combination, sadly the Gamepad API does not provide a reliable way to detect the gamepad information necessary to remap them based on model/vendor/OS due to privacy considerations.

Warning

Requires a secure context.

Boot splash is not displayed

The default HTML page does not display the boot splash while loading. However, the image is exported as a PNG file, so custom HTML pages can display it.

Serving the files

Exporting for the web generates several files to be served from a web server, including a default HTML page for presentation. A custom HTML file can be used, see Custom HTML page for Web export.

The generated .html file can be used as DirectoryIndex in Apache servers and can be renamed to e.g. index.html at any time, its name is never depended on by default.

The HTML page draws the game at maximum size within the browser window. This way it can be inserted into an <iframe> with the game's size, as is common on most web game hosting sites.

The other exported files are served as they are, next to the .html file, names unchanged. The .wasm file is a binary WebAssembly module implementing the engine. The .pck file is the Godot main pack containing your game. The .js file contains start-up code and is used by the .html file to access the engine. The .png file contains the boot splash image. It is not used in the default HTML page, but is included for